What is Turmeric ?
Turmeric also known as “golden spice turmeric” is a spice commonly used in South Asia, derived from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. The spice is used in traditional cuisine and medicine, and also as cosmetic and dyeing agent for clothes. Its bright yellow color comes from fat-soluble polyphenolic pigments, also known as curcuminoids. Research studies demonstrated that curcumin, the main curcuminoid representing 2% to 5% of turmeric, is likely to be the most active constituent (Begum 2008).
Where is Turmeric produced ?
India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric in the world. Indian turmeric is considered to be the best in the world market because of its high curcumin content. India accounts for about 80% of world turmeric production and 60% of world exports.
What are the benefits of turmeric in the traditional medicine ?
Turmeric is used extensively in the Indian systems of medicine and is official in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. It has been reported to be traditionally used for digestion, joint health and to maintain normal liver functions (EMA report 2009; WHO monograph).